# # Sample plots in Matplotlib

Here you'll find a host of example plots with the code that generated them.

## # Line Plot

Here's how to create a line plot with text labels using
`plot()`

(opens new window).

**Simple Plot**

## # Multiple subplots in one figure

Multiple axes (i.e. subplots) are created with the
`subplot()`

(opens new window) function:

**Subplot**

## # Images

Matplotlib can display images (assuming equally spaced
horizontal dimensions) using the `imshow()`

(opens new window) function.

**Example of using imshow() (opens new window) to display a CT scan**

## # Contouring and pseudocolor

The `pcolormesh()`

(opens new window) function can make a colored
representation of a two-dimensional array, even if the horizontal dimensions
are unevenly spaced. The
`contour()`

(opens new window) function is another way to represent
the same data:

**Example comparing pcolormesh() (opens new window) and contour() (opens new window) for plotting two-dimensional data**

## # Histograms

The `hist()`

(opens new window) function automatically generates
histograms and returns the bin counts or probabilities:

**Histogram Features**

## # Paths

You can add arbitrary paths in Matplotlib using the
`matplotlib.path`

(opens new window) module:

**Path Patch**

## # Three-dimensional plotting

The mplot3d toolkit (see Getting started (opens new window) and 3D plotting (opens new window)) has support for simple 3d graphs including surface, wireframe, scatter, and bar charts.

**Surface3d**

Thanks to John Porter, Jonathon Taylor, Reinier Heeres, and Ben Root for
the `mplot3d`

toolkit. This toolkit is included with all standard Matplotlib
installs.

## # Streamplot

The `streamplot()`

(opens new window) function plots the streamlines of
a vector field. In addition to simply plotting the streamlines, it allows you
to map the colors and/or line widths of streamlines to a separate parameter,
such as the speed or local intensity of the vector field.

**Streamplot with various plotting options.**

This feature complements the `quiver()`

(opens new window) function for
plotting vector fields. Thanks to Tom Flannaghan and Tony Yu for adding the
streamplot function.

## # Ellipses

In support of the Phoenix (opens new window)
mission to Mars (which used Matplotlib to display ground tracking of
spacecraft), Michael Droettboom built on work by Charlie Moad to provide
an extremely accurate 8-spline approximation to elliptical arcs (see
`Arc`

(opens new window)), which are insensitive to zoom level.

**Ellipse Demo**

## # Bar charts

Use the `bar()`

(opens new window) function to make bar charts, which
includes customizations such as error bars:

**Barchart Demo**

You can also create stacked bars (bar_stacked.py (opens new window)), or horizontal bar charts (barh.py (opens new window)).

## # Pie charts

The `pie()`

(opens new window) function allows you to create pie
charts. Optional features include auto-labeling the percentage of area,
exploding one or more wedges from the center of the pie, and a shadow effect.
Take a close look at the attached code, which generates this figure in just
a few lines of code.

**Pie Features**

## # Tables

The `table()`

(opens new window) function adds a text table
to an axes.

**Table Demo**

## # Scatter plots

The `scatter()`

(opens new window) function makes a scatter plot
with (optional) size and color arguments. This example plots changes
in Google's stock price, with marker sizes reflecting the
trading volume and colors varying with time. Here, the
alpha attribute is used to make semitransparent circle markers.

**Scatter Demo2**

## # GUI widgets

Matplotlib has basic GUI widgets that are independent of the graphical
user interface you are using, allowing you to write cross GUI figures
and widgets. See `matplotlib.widgets`

(opens new window) and the
widget examples (opens new window).

**Slider and radio-button GUI.**

## # Filled curves

The `fill()`

(opens new window) function lets you
plot filled curves and polygons:

**Fill**

Thanks to Andrew Straw for adding this function.

## # Date handling

You can plot timeseries data with major and minor ticks and custom tick formatters for both.

**Date**

See `matplotlib.ticker`

(opens new window) and `matplotlib.dates`

(opens new window) for details and usage.

## # Log plots

The `semilogx()`

(opens new window),
`semilogy()`

(opens new window) and
`loglog()`

(opens new window) functions simplify the creation of
logarithmic plots.

**Log Demo**

Thanks to Andrew Straw, Darren Dale and Gregory Lielens for contributions log-scaling infrastructure.

## # Polar plots

The `polar()`

(opens new window) function generates polar plots.

**Polar Demo**

## # Legends

The `legend()`

(opens new window) function automatically
generates figure legends, with MATLAB-compatible legend-placement
functions.

**Legend**

Thanks to Charles Twardy for input on the legend function.

## # TeX-notation for text objects

Below is a sampling of the many TeX expressions now supported by Matplotlib's
internal mathtext engine. The mathtext module provides TeX style mathematical
expressions using FreeType (opens new window)
and the DejaVu, BaKoMa computer modern, or STIX (opens new window)
fonts. See the `matplotlib.mathtext`

(opens new window) module for additional details.

**Mathtext Examples**

Matplotlib's mathtext infrastructure is an independent implementation and does not require TeX or any external packages installed on your computer. See the tutorial at Writing mathematical expressions (opens new window).

## # Native TeX rendering

Although Matplotlib's internal math rendering engine is quite
powerful, sometimes you need TeX. Matplotlib supports external TeX
rendering of strings with the *usetex* option.

**Tex Demo**

## # EEG GUI

You can embed Matplotlib into pygtk, wx, Tk, or Qt applications. Here is a screenshot of an EEG viewer called pbrain (opens new window).

The lower axes uses `specgram()`

(opens new window)
to plot the spectrogram of one of the EEG channels.

For examples of how to embed Matplotlib in different toolkits, see:

- Embedding in GTK3 (opens new window)
- Embedding in wx #2 (opens new window)
- Matplotlib With Glade 3 (opens new window)
- Embedding in Qt (opens new window)
- Embedding in Tk (opens new window)

## # XKCD-style sketch plots

Just for fun, Matplotlib supports plotting in the style of `xkcd`

.

**xkcd**

## # Subplot example

Many plot types can be combined in one figure to create powerful and flexible representations of data.

```
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np
np.random.seed(19680801)
data = np.random.randn(2, 100)
fig, axs = plt.subplots(2, 2, figsize=(5, 5))
axs[0, 0].hist(data[0])
axs[1, 0].scatter(data[0], data[1])
axs[0, 1].plot(data[0], data[1])
axs[1, 1].hist2d(data[0], data[1])
plt.show()
```