# SVG工具提示

此示例显示如何创建将在Matplotlib面片上悬停时显示的工具提示。

虽然可以从CSS或javascript创建工具提示,但在这里,我们在matplotlib中创建它,并在将其悬停在修补程序上时简单地切换它的可见性。这种方法提供了对工具提示的位置和外观的完全控制,而代价是预先获得更多的代码。

另一种方法是将工具提示内容放在SVG对象的Title属性中。然后,使用现有的js/css库,在浏览器中创建工具提示相对简单。内容由title属性决定,外观由CSS决定。

作者:David Huard

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import xml.etree.ElementTree as ET
from io import BytesIO

ET.register_namespace("", "http://www.w3.org/2000/svg")

fig, ax = plt.subplots()

# Create patches to which tooltips will be assigned.
rect1 = plt.Rectangle((10, -20), 10, 5, fc='blue')
rect2 = plt.Rectangle((-20, 15), 10, 5, fc='green')

shapes = [rect1, rect2]
labels = ['This is a blue rectangle.', 'This is a green rectangle']

for i, (item, label) in enumerate(zip(shapes, labels)):
    patch = ax.add_patch(item)
    annotate = ax.annotate(labels[i], xy=item.get_xy(), xytext=(0, 0),
                           textcoords='offset points', color='w', ha='center',
                           fontsize=8, bbox=dict(boxstyle='round, pad=.5',
                                                 fc=(.1, .1, .1, .92),
                                                 ec=(1., 1., 1.), lw=1,
                                                 zorder=1))

    ax.add_patch(patch)
    patch.set_gid('mypatch_{:03d}'.format(i))
    annotate.set_gid('mytooltip_{:03d}'.format(i))

# Save the figure in a fake file object
ax.set_xlim(-30, 30)
ax.set_ylim(-30, 30)
ax.set_aspect('equal')

f = BytesIO()
plt.savefig(f, format="svg")

# --- Add interactivity ---

# Create XML tree from the SVG file.
tree, xmlid = ET.XMLID(f.getvalue())
tree.set('onload', 'init(evt)')

for i in shapes:
    # Get the index of the shape
    index = shapes.index(i)
    # Hide the tooltips
    tooltip = xmlid['mytooltip_{:03d}'.format(index)]
    tooltip.set('visibility', 'hidden')
    # Assign onmouseover and onmouseout callbacks to patches.
    mypatch = xmlid['mypatch_{:03d}'.format(index)]
    mypatch.set('onmouseover', "ShowTooltip(this)")
    mypatch.set('onmouseout', "HideTooltip(this)")

# This is the script defining the ShowTooltip and HideTooltip functions.
script = """
    <script type="text/ecmascript">
    <![CDATA[

    function init(evt) {
        if ( window.svgDocument == null ) {
            svgDocument = evt.target.ownerDocument;
            }
        }

    function ShowTooltip(obj) {
        var cur = obj.id.split("_")[1];
        var tip = svgDocument.getElementById('mytooltip_' + cur);
        tip.setAttribute('visibility',"visible")
        }

    function HideTooltip(obj) {
        var cur = obj.id.split("_")[1];
        var tip = svgDocument.getElementById('mytooltip_' + cur);
        tip.setAttribute('visibility',"hidden")
        }

    ]]>
    </script>
    """

# Insert the script at the top of the file and save it.
tree.insert(0, ET.XML(script))
ET.ElementTree(tree).write('svg_tooltip.svg')

# 下载这个示例