# 使用紧凑布局调整轴的大小

tight_layout 尝试调整图中子图的大小,以便轴对象和轴上的标签之间不会重叠。

有关详细信息,请参阅 “约束布局指南”;有关替代方法,请参阅 “严格布局” 指南。

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import itertools
import warnings


fontsizes = itertools.cycle([8, 16, 24, 32])


def example_plot(ax):
    ax.plot([1, 2])
    ax.set_xlabel('x-label', fontsize=next(fontsizes))
    ax.set_ylabel('y-label', fontsize=next(fontsizes))
    ax.set_title('Title', fontsize=next(fontsizes))
fig, ax = plt.subplots()
example_plot(ax)
plt.tight_layout()

紧凑布局示例

fig, ((ax1, ax2), (ax3, ax4)) = plt.subplots(nrows=2, ncols=2)
example_plot(ax1)
example_plot(ax2)
example_plot(ax3)
example_plot(ax4)
plt.tight_layout()

紧凑布局示例2

fig, (ax1, ax2) = plt.subplots(nrows=2, ncols=1)
example_plot(ax1)
example_plot(ax2)
plt.tight_layout()

紧凑布局示例3

fig, (ax1, ax2) = plt.subplots(nrows=1, ncols=2)
example_plot(ax1)
example_plot(ax2)
plt.tight_layout()

紧凑布局示例4

fig, axes = plt.subplots(nrows=3, ncols=3)
for row in axes:
    for ax in row:
        example_plot(ax)
plt.tight_layout()

紧凑布局示例5

fig = plt.figure()

ax1 = plt.subplot(221)
ax2 = plt.subplot(223)
ax3 = plt.subplot(122)

example_plot(ax1)
example_plot(ax2)
example_plot(ax3)

plt.tight_layout()

紧凑布局示例6

fig = plt.figure()

ax1 = plt.subplot2grid((3, 3), (0, 0))
ax2 = plt.subplot2grid((3, 3), (0, 1), colspan=2)
ax3 = plt.subplot2grid((3, 3), (1, 0), colspan=2, rowspan=2)
ax4 = plt.subplot2grid((3, 3), (1, 2), rowspan=2)

example_plot(ax1)
example_plot(ax2)
example_plot(ax3)
example_plot(ax4)

plt.tight_layout()

plt.show()

紧凑布局示例7

fig = plt.figure()

import matplotlib.gridspec as gridspec

gs1 = gridspec.GridSpec(3, 1)
ax1 = fig.add_subplot(gs1[0])
ax2 = fig.add_subplot(gs1[1])
ax3 = fig.add_subplot(gs1[2])

example_plot(ax1)
example_plot(ax2)
example_plot(ax3)

with warnings.catch_warnings():
    warnings.simplefilter("ignore", UserWarning)
    # This raises warnings since tight layout cannot
    # handle gridspec automatically. We are going to
    # do that manually so we can filter the warning.
    gs1.tight_layout(fig, rect=[None, None, 0.45, None])

gs2 = gridspec.GridSpec(2, 1)
ax4 = fig.add_subplot(gs2[0])
ax5 = fig.add_subplot(gs2[1])

example_plot(ax4)
example_plot(ax5)

with warnings.catch_warnings():
    # This raises warnings since tight layout cannot
    # handle gridspec automatically. We are going to
    # do that manually so we can filter the warning.
    warnings.simplefilter("ignore", UserWarning)
    gs2.tight_layout(fig, rect=[0.45, None, None, None])

# now match the top and bottom of two gridspecs.
top = min(gs1.top, gs2.top)
bottom = max(gs1.bottom, gs2.bottom)

gs1.update(top=top, bottom=bottom)
gs2.update(top=top, bottom=bottom)

plt.show()

紧凑布局示例8

# 参考

此示例中显示了以下函数和方法的用法:

import matplotlib
matplotlib.pyplot.tight_layout
matplotlib.figure.Figure.tight_layout
matplotlib.figure.Figure.add_subplot
matplotlib.pyplot.subplot2grid
matplotlib.gridspec.GridSpec

脚本的总运行时间:(0分1.072秒)

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