# 圆,楔和多边形

此示例演示如何使用修补程序集合。

import numpy as np
from matplotlib.patches import Circle, Wedge, Polygon
from matplotlib.collections import PatchCollection
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

# Fixing random state for reproducibility
np.random.seed(19680801)


fig, ax = plt.subplots()

resolution = 50  # the number of vertices
N = 3
x = np.random.rand(N)
y = np.random.rand(N)
radii = 0.1*np.random.rand(N)
patches = []
for x1, y1, r in zip(x, y, radii):
    circle = Circle((x1, y1), r)
    patches.append(circle)

x = np.random.rand(N)
y = np.random.rand(N)
radii = 0.1*np.random.rand(N)
theta1 = 360.0*np.random.rand(N)
theta2 = 360.0*np.random.rand(N)
for x1, y1, r, t1, t2 in zip(x, y, radii, theta1, theta2):
    wedge = Wedge((x1, y1), r, t1, t2)
    patches.append(wedge)

# Some limiting conditions on Wedge
patches += [
    Wedge((.3, .7), .1, 0, 360),             # Full circle
    Wedge((.7, .8), .2, 0, 360, width=0.05),  # Full ring
    Wedge((.8, .3), .2, 0, 45),              # Full sector
    Wedge((.8, .3), .2, 45, 90, width=0.10),  # Ring sector
]

for i in range(N):
    polygon = Polygon(np.random.rand(N, 2), True)
    patches.append(polygon)

colors = 100*np.random.rand(len(patches))
p = PatchCollection(patches, alpha=0.4)
p.set_array(np.array(colors))
ax.add_collection(p)
fig.colorbar(p, ax=ax)

plt.show()

圆,楔和多边形示例

# 参考

此示例中显示了以下函数,方法,类和模块的使用:

import matplotlib
matplotlib.patches
matplotlib.patches.Circle
matplotlib.patches.Wedge
matplotlib.patches.Polygon
matplotlib.collections.PatchCollection
matplotlib.collections.Collection.set_array
matplotlib.axes.Axes.add_collection
matplotlib.figure.Figure.colorbar

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