# 具有自动缩放功能的Line,Poly和RegularPoly Collection

对于前两个子图,我们将使用螺旋。它们的大小将以图表单位设置,而不是数据单位。它们的位置将通过使用LineCollection和PolyCollection的“偏移”和“transOffset”kwargs以数据单位设置。

第三个子图将生成正多边形,具有与前两个相同类型的缩放和定位。

最后一个子图说明了使用 “offsets =(xo,yo)”,即单个元组而不是元组列表来生成连续的偏移曲线,其中偏移量以数据单位给出。 此行为仅适用于LineCollection。

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from matplotlib import collections, colors, transforms
import numpy as np

nverts = 50
npts = 100

# Make some spirals
r = np.arange(nverts)
theta = np.linspace(0, 2*np.pi, nverts)
xx = r * np.sin(theta)
yy = r * np.cos(theta)
spiral = np.column_stack([xx, yy])

# Fixing random state for reproducibility
rs = np.random.RandomState(19680801)

# Make some offsets
xyo = rs.randn(npts, 2)

# Make a list of colors cycling through the default series.
colors = [colors.to_rgba(c)
          for c in plt.rcParams['axes.prop_cycle'].by_key()['color']]

fig, axes = plt.subplots(2, 2)
fig.subplots_adjust(top=0.92, left=0.07, right=0.97,
                    hspace=0.3, wspace=0.3)
((ax1, ax2), (ax3, ax4)) = axes  # unpack the axes


col = collections.LineCollection([spiral], offsets=xyo,
                                 transOffset=ax1.transData)
trans = fig.dpi_scale_trans + transforms.Affine2D().scale(1.0/72.0)
col.set_transform(trans)  # the points to pixels transform
# Note: the first argument to the collection initializer
# must be a list of sequences of x,y tuples; we have only
# one sequence, but we still have to put it in a list.
ax1.add_collection(col, autolim=True)
# autolim=True enables autoscaling.  For collections with
# offsets like this, it is neither efficient nor accurate,
# but it is good enough to generate a plot that you can use
# as a starting point.  If you know beforehand the range of
# x and y that you want to show, it is better to set them
# explicitly, leave out the autolim kwarg (or set it to False),
# and omit the 'ax1.autoscale_view()' call below.

# Make a transform for the line segments such that their size is
# given in points:
col.set_color(colors)

ax1.autoscale_view()  # See comment above, after ax1.add_collection.
ax1.set_title('LineCollection using offsets')


# The same data as above, but fill the curves.
col = collections.PolyCollection([spiral], offsets=xyo,
                                 transOffset=ax2.transData)
trans = transforms.Affine2D().scale(fig.dpi/72.0)
col.set_transform(trans)  # the points to pixels transform
ax2.add_collection(col, autolim=True)
col.set_color(colors)


ax2.autoscale_view()
ax2.set_title('PolyCollection using offsets')

# 7-sided regular polygons

col = collections.RegularPolyCollection(
    7, sizes=np.abs(xx) * 10.0, offsets=xyo, transOffset=ax3.transData)
trans = transforms.Affine2D().scale(fig.dpi / 72.0)
col.set_transform(trans)  # the points to pixels transform
ax3.add_collection(col, autolim=True)
col.set_color(colors)
ax3.autoscale_view()
ax3.set_title('RegularPolyCollection using offsets')


# Simulate a series of ocean current profiles, successively
# offset by 0.1 m/s so that they form what is sometimes called
# a "waterfall" plot or a "stagger" plot.

nverts = 60
ncurves = 20
offs = (0.1, 0.0)

yy = np.linspace(0, 2*np.pi, nverts)
ym = np.max(yy)
xx = (0.2 + (ym - yy) / ym) ** 2 * np.cos(yy - 0.4) * 0.5
segs = []
for i in range(ncurves):
    xxx = xx + 0.02*rs.randn(nverts)
    curve = np.column_stack([xxx, yy * 100])
    segs.append(curve)

col = collections.LineCollection(segs, offsets=offs)
ax4.add_collection(col, autolim=True)
col.set_color(colors)
ax4.autoscale_view()
ax4.set_title('Successive data offsets')
ax4.set_xlabel('Zonal velocity component (m/s)')
ax4.set_ylabel('Depth (m)')
# Reverse the y-axis so depth increases downward
ax4.set_ylim(ax4.get_ylim()[::-1])


plt.show()

缩放功能示例

# 参考

此示例中显示了以下函数,方法,类和模块的使用:

import matplotlib
matplotlib.figure.Figure
matplotlib.collections
matplotlib.collections.LineCollection
matplotlib.collections.RegularPolyCollection
matplotlib.axes.Axes.add_collection
matplotlib.axes.Axes.autoscale_view
matplotlib.transforms.Affine2D
matplotlib.transforms.Affine2D.scale

# 下载这个示例