# 绘制海豚

此示例显示如何使用Path (opens new window)PathPatch (opens new window)transforms (opens new window)类绘制和操作给定顶点和节点的形状。

import matplotlib.cm as cm
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from matplotlib.patches import Circle, PathPatch
from matplotlib.path import Path
from matplotlib.transforms import Affine2D
import numpy as np

# Fixing random state for reproducibility
np.random.seed(19680801)


r = np.random.rand(50)
t = np.random.rand(50) * np.pi * 2.0
x = r * np.cos(t)
y = r * np.sin(t)

fig, ax = plt.subplots(figsize=(6, 6))
circle = Circle((0, 0), 1, facecolor='none',
                edgecolor=(0, 0.8, 0.8), linewidth=3, alpha=0.5)
ax.add_patch(circle)

im = plt.imshow(np.random.random((100, 100)),
                origin='lower', cmap=cm.winter,
                interpolation='spline36',
                extent=([-1, 1, -1, 1]))
im.set_clip_path(circle)

plt.plot(x, y, 'o', color=(0.9, 0.9, 1.0), alpha=0.8)

# Dolphin from OpenClipart library by Andy Fitzsimon
#       <cc:License rdf:about="http://web.resource.org/cc/PublicDomain">
#         <cc:permits rdf:resource="http://web.resource.org/cc/Reproduction"/>
#         <cc:permits rdf:resource="http://web.resource.org/cc/Distribution"/>
#         <cc:permits rdf:resource="http://web.resource.org/cc/DerivativeWorks"/>
#       </cc:License>

dolphin = """
M -0.59739425,160.18173 C -0.62740401,160.18885 -0.57867129,160.11183
-0.57867129,160.11183 C -0.57867129,160.11183 -0.5438361,159.89315
-0.39514638,159.81496 C -0.24645668,159.73678 -0.18316813,159.71981
-0.18316813,159.71981 C -0.18316813,159.71981 -0.10322971,159.58124
-0.057804323,159.58725 C -0.029723983,159.58913 -0.061841603,159.60356
-0.071265813,159.62815 C -0.080250183,159.65325 -0.082918513,159.70554
-0.061841203,159.71248 C -0.040763903,159.7194 -0.0066711426,159.71091
0.077336307,159.73612 C 0.16879567,159.76377 0.28380306,159.86448
0.31516668,159.91533 C 0.3465303,159.96618 0.5011127,160.1771
0.5011127,160.1771 C 0.63668998,160.19238 0.67763022,160.31259
0.66556395,160.32668 C 0.65339985,160.34212 0.66350443,160.33642
0.64907098,160.33088 C 0.63463742,160.32533 0.61309688,160.297
0.5789627,160.29339 C 0.54348657,160.28968 0.52329693,160.27674
0.50728856,160.27737 C 0.49060916,160.27795 0.48965803,160.31565
0.46114204,160.33673 C 0.43329696,160.35786 0.4570711,160.39871
0.43309565,160.40685 C 0.4105108,160.41442 0.39416631,160.33027
0.3954995,160.2935 C 0.39683269,160.25672 0.43807996,160.21522
0.44567915,160.19734 C 0.45327833,160.17946 0.27946869,159.9424
-0.061852613,159.99845 C -0.083965233,160.0427 -0.26176109,160.06683
-0.26176109,160.06683 C -0.30127962,160.07028 -0.21167141,160.09731
-0.24649368,160.1011 C -0.32642366,160.11569 -0.34521187,160.06895
-0.40622293,160.0819 C -0.467234,160.09485 -0.56738444,160.17461
-0.59739425,160.18173
"""

vertices = []
codes = []
parts = dolphin.split()
i = 0
code_map = {
    'M': (Path.MOVETO, 1),
    'C': (Path.CURVE4, 3),
    'L': (Path.LINETO, 1)}

while i < len(parts):
    code = parts[i]
    path_code, npoints = code_map[code]
    codes.extend([path_code] * npoints)
    vertices.extend([[float(x) for x in y.split(',')] for y in
                     parts[i + 1:i + npoints + 1]])
    i += npoints + 1
vertices = np.array(vertices, float)
vertices[:, 1] -= 160

dolphin_path = Path(vertices, codes)
dolphin_patch = PathPatch(dolphin_path, facecolor=(0.6, 0.6, 0.6),
                          edgecolor=(0.0, 0.0, 0.0))
ax.add_patch(dolphin_patch)

vertices = Affine2D().rotate_deg(60).transform(vertices)
dolphin_path2 = Path(vertices, codes)
dolphin_patch2 = PathPatch(dolphin_path2, facecolor=(0.5, 0.5, 0.5),
                           edgecolor=(0.0, 0.0, 0.0))
ax.add_patch(dolphin_patch2)

plt.show()

绘制海豚示例

# 参考

此示例中显示了以下函数,方法,类和模块的使用:

import matplotlib
matplotlib.path
matplotlib.path.Path
matplotlib.patches
matplotlib.patches.PathPatch
matplotlib.patches.Circle
matplotlib.axes.Axes.add_patch
matplotlib.transforms
matplotlib.transforms.Affine2D
matplotlib.transforms.Affine2D.rotate_deg

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